Mr Milosevic faced charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for his alleged central role in the wars in Bosnia, Croatia and Kosovo during the 1990s.
He also faced genocide charges over the 1992-95 Bosnia war, in which 100,000 people died.
Was former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic assassinated?
According to Tim Judah, KLA representatives had already met with American, British, and Swiss intelligence agencies in 1996, and possibly „several years earlier“ and according to The Sunday Times, „American intelligence agents have admitted they helped to train the Kosovo Liberation Army before NATO’s bombing of Yugoslavia“.
At the outset of the trial Milošević denounced the Tribunal as illegal because it had not been established with the consent of the United Nations General Assembly; therefore he refused to appoint counsel for his defence.
Milošević conducted his own defense in the five-year-long trial, which ended without a verdict when he died in his prison cell in The Hague on 11 March 2006.
In 1999 the KLA was officially disbanded and their members entered Kosovo Protection Corps, a civilian emergency protection body to replace the former KLA (foreseen by UNSC Resolution 1244) and Kosovo Police Force.
Some of the Kosovo Liberation Army leadership opted to enter politics leading key government positions at times.